The modern world is fraught with medical challenges that are a key concern when it comes to health care. These medical problems include diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and asthma. Some of these conditions – diabetes and asthma – are lifetime diseases for which modern medicine cannot offer any cure. On the other hand, these conditions (especially diabetes and obesity) are perfectly preventable through proper lifestyle changes. These three ailments are prevalent all around the world and entail significant health care costs. They can also be a source of tremendous distress to the patients due to the various health complications.
When speaking of these medical conditions, the first thing that comes to mind is the absence of health due to the onset of illness. However, a lot of patients suffering from any of these conditions, in addition to physical problems, also manifest serious mental issues because of the burden the diseases place on their victims.
According to statistics by American Diabetes Association, more than 29 million Americans have diabetes, of which 8 millions being undiagnosed. This is a life-long medical condition that results from the body’s inability to control glucose. There are two types of diabetes, type 1 and 2.
The disease results from the destruction of pancreatic beta cells leading to the organ’s inability to produce insulin. Type 1 is common among children and adolescents, hence the name juvenile diabetes. Causes of diabetes associated with genes and an individual’s lifestyle. Treatment of diabetes often includes both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic approaches; the most important of the latter is proper diet.
Another medical condition to look out for is obesity. In the US alone, this medical condition is at an all-time high, affecting 35.7% of the population. The term refers to the state of being overweight and is usually classified based on BMI (Basal Metabolic Index). Obesity is a medical condition that is linked to other chronic conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and depression. Treatment majorly involves lifestyle changes, most common of which are regular exercise and healthy low-calorie diet.
Asthma is a medical condition that is associated with environmental factors such as air pollution. However, research has shown that genetic factors also play a substantial role when it comes to asthma. Although there are variations in asthma symptoms depending on the individual, the key symptom is difficulties in breathing. Treatment of asthma involves pharmacological approaches – beta2 agonists, for instance – that seek to prevent or reduce the frequency and intensity of asthma attacks.
The three medical conditions are identified as global epidemics and require a long-term health management plan to minimize the burden of the diseases. Fortunately, medical science keeps trying to find a cure for each of these ailments and researchers are not going to give up until they have succeeded. So we may hope that sooner or later cures will appear that will make these diseases the conditions of the past.